What is Type 1 Diabetes and How to Live a Healthy
Life with it
Type 1 diabetes is a condition where the pancreas stops producing insulin altogether. The disease can be caused due to many reasons, like an external injury, surgical removal of the pancreas, sometimes it also gets triggered by a virus. In most cases, the cause remains unidentified as medical researchers still cannot specify the exact reason behind this disease.
Type 1 diabetes is also known as Juvenile Diabetes because most people in their childhood end up in the emergency room because of uncontrolled blood sugar and then type 1 diabetes gets diagnosed.
What is Type 1 Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which you have to take insulin after the diagnosis for the rest of your life because your body starts to destroy beta cells in your pancreas that are responsible for making insulin in your pancreas. It is also more commonly known as juvenile diabetes because it is usually diagnosed in children and young people.
Type 1 diabetes is very different from type 2 diabetes and so is the disease management for both of these types of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes your body does not respond to insulin in the right manner.
Damage caused by Type 1 diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes causes severe damage to the pancreas and stops it from producing insulin altogether. This change disturbs the natural process and the glucose does not get into the cells because insulin is not being produced. What happens is that the glucose builds up in the blood which causes very high blood
sugar. Constant high blood sugar levels lead to dehydration, weight loss, liver diseases, eye problems, kidney diseases, heart diseases, and multiple other conditions.
How to manage Type 1 diabetes:
There is no way to prevent type 1-diabetes but managing type 1 diabetes is an option. With a good diet, healthy lifestyle, increased physical movements, and a wholehearted commitment to the medication, living with Type 1 diabetes on a daily basis can be easy.
Here is your guide on controlling Type 1 diabetes:
Dealing with Type 1 diabetes in daily life can be a bit exhausting but everything is possible with dedication and proper medication. Managing Type 1 diabetes demands the same from the ones who are suffering from it.
Treatment and management for Type 1 diabetes include:
• Taking insulin regularly.
• Careful and counted consumption of carbohydrates, fat, and protein.
• Frequent blood sugar monitoring and keeping the right levels in check.
• Consuming a balanced diet and healthy food.
• Exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight.
With diabetes, your ultimate goal is to keep your blood sugar level under control to delay or prevent all diabetes-related complications. Your daytime blood sugar levels before meals must remain between 80 and 140 mg/dL (4.44 to 7.7 mmol/L) and your after-meal numbers must not go higher than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L) two hours after meal consumption.
Conditions you should be careful about with Type 1 diabetes:
• Driving: Because it can cause excessively low blood sugar at times this may cause dizziness while driving.
• Working: Because hypoglycemia can cause dizziness and drowsiness while working.
• During pregnancy: Pregnant women with type-1 diabetes have a higher risk of having complications that is why they need constant monitoring.
• Being old: People with co-morbidities who are also sick and weak are at higher risk of developing complications.