What is Fitrana in Islam?
Islam is the religion that aims to bring happiness to everyone’s tables, regardless of their social background or race. As the the Prophet (SAW) narrated in his last sermon (Khutba tul wida)
“All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black, nor a black has any superiority over a white- except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim, which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves.”
A lot of ahadith and ayaat in the Holy Qur’an guide us about what should be our ideal behavior towards our fellow brothers. One other example of this Islamic teaching is as mentioned below;
“None of you believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.” (Tirmidhi: 2515)
For the implementation of a similar notion, Islam has introduced the idea of Fitrana.
What is Fitrana in Islam?
If you have ever wondered what is Fitrana in Islam? To explain Fitrana in the easiest way, think of it as Zakat-al-fitr. It is given to the needy just like zakat but especially on the occasion of Eid because the focus is to provide everyone with sufficient resources to celebrate Eid. It is obligatory to pay a certain amount in cash or in food, which is known as Fitrana. It is obligatory for everyone who has reached puberty, is in their complete senses, and has food in excess amounts, more than they needed to fill their plates, should pay Fitrana. The family head or the breadwinner is responsible to pay for all the dependents. The dependents can be parents, wife, children, maids, servants, etc.
Why should you pay Fitrana?
They will ask thee as to what they should spend on others. Say: “Whatever of your wealth you spend, shall (first) be for your parents, and for the near of kin, and the orphans, and the needy, and the wayfarer; and whatever good you do, verily, God has full knowledge thereof.” (Quran Surah Al Baqarah 2:215)
As narrated multiple times in the Holy Qur’an, A true Muslim is someone who takes care of the needs of people in his surroundings. To help other people lead a better life and celebrate Eid with ease of mind Fitrana has been made obligatory.
Who is eligible for Fitrana?
Whoever is eligible for zakat is eligible for Fitrana. One has to be Muslim and needy and that is all that is needed for the payment of Fitrana. You must make sure to help those in need because, in Islam, there is no celebration without including our deserving Muslim brothers in it.
How much is Fitrana 2021?
Fitrana amount is not fixed and keeps changing. The amount of Zakat-ul-fitr is measured as three and a half kilograms of wheat, barley, rice, or any staple edible item for each person. Therefore due to the changing socio-economic conditions each year, a certain amount is calculated according to the current market rate of these food staples.
How Much Fitra to Pay 2021 in Pakistan?
Fitrana Amount 2021 in Pakistan is quoted as Rs 140 per head by the religious scholar Mufti Muneeb Ur Rahman. The Fitra becomes Rs 140 with respect to wheat; Rs 1,920 raisin; Rs 960 dates and Rs 320 per head with respect to barley.
Make sure you promote the spirit of togetherness this Eid and pay your fitrana to the needy ones after the moon of Shawwal sights. You can pay it latest on the day of Eid before Eid prayers.