Deficiency with many other diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. An estimated one billion people suffer from vitamin D deficiency worldwide.

Is it more prevalent in adults or do kids also face the risk?

It is more common in adults, but also not rare in kids. According to the Vitamin D Council, more children with autism are born during Spring. March is the time of the low-est vitamin D levels in northern mid-latitude.

Is the deficiency more common in men or women?

Among my female patients four to five in 10 are diagnosed with vitamin D deficiency,” In a study – 1,111 healthy people—243 men and 868 women, aged 41 years, who at-tended a single-consultation outpatient clinic, were selected. The median (range) concentrations of 25-OHD were 21 (4.0-105.0) ng/mL in males and 18 (1.5-117) ng/mL in females (p=0.05).

The prevalence of mild, moderate and severe vitamin D deficiencies among the adult population was 19.6%, 23.9%, and 26.9% respectively. Vitamin D deficiency was more prevalent among women. This proves that it is more common for women to have a deficiency.

Is exposure to sunlight the only way to balance the amount of vitamin D in our body? Are vitamin supplements an alternative? Do they have any side effects?

Sunlight is one of the many ways to in-crease your vitamin D. as most vitamin D – 80% to 90% of what the body gets – is ob-tained through exposure to sunlight. An-other way to do this is to eat more of certain foods. Vitamin D is very likely to be safe, when taken by mouth or given as a shot into the muscle in recommended amounts. Most people do not experience side effects with vitamin D, unless too much is taken. Some side effects of taking too much vitamin D in-clude weakness, fatigue, sleepiness, headache, loss of appetite, dry mouth, metallic taste, nausea, and vomiting.

Do food habits make a difference?

Yes, they most definitely do. Foods like fatty and tuna fish, salmon, sardines, mush-rooms, Fortified milk, orange juice, egg yolk, Fortified cereal, beef liver, and cod liver oil really increase your vitamin D.

Do sunscreens block vitamin D from sun? If so, to what extent?

No, they do not. Your body can produce vitamin D even while you’re wearing sunscreen, according to new research from King’s Col-lege London’s Institute of Dermatology.

How much sunlight do we need? Considering the heat, what time of the day is best for the same?

It varies for each person. It’s difficult to quantify how much since skin pigmentation affects how much radiation your skin ab-sorbs: the darker your skin is, the more it’s protected against skin cancer but the less able it is to absorb UV-B rays. It also depends on how much skin is exposed and the time of day. If you’re fair skinned and sunning yourself outside in a swimming suit at noon, you only need a few minutes without sunscreen. If you’re already tan or of Hispanic origin, you need maybe 15 to 20 minutes. Black skin may require six times the sun exposure to make the same vitamin D levels as a very fair-skinned person. e suggest sunburn is not an issue because if some one only expose his body for 10 minutes, but people should en-sure they stayed well hydrated.and we rec-ommended vitamin D tablets for deficiency prevention, after consulting a doctor.