Skin Care for Diabetes Patients

Diabetic Nail And Skin Care

Diabetes is a condition, which can affect any part of the body, including the skin. At times, the initial signs of disease manifestation can start from skin problems. Usually, the skin-related conditions could be prevented or easily treated if diagnosed timely.

Few conditions like fungal infections, bacterial infections, or itching can happen to any individual, but any of these can be more pronounced in the case of diabetes. Few other conditions of skin happen to diabetics only as diabetic dermopathy, necrobiosis, lipoidica diabeticorum, diabetic blisters, diabetic ulcers, and eruptive xanthomatosis.

Few General Conditions:

  1. Fungal infections: Very common conditions can occur between the toes and toenails, and it can affect hands also. To get rid of such infections, hygiene and proper treatment are needed.
  2. Acanthosis nigricans: This is a condition that results in black/dark brown discoloration along with the thickening of the skin around the back of the neck, armpits, and groin area. Other parts having skinfolds can also be affected such as hands, elbows, and knees.
  3. Atherosclerosis: In this, the narrowing of the blood vessels supplying to skin occurs, resulting in loss of hair, thinning and shiny skin. Thickened and discolored toenails and cold, dry skin are symptoms of this condition. Blood carries white blood cells that help fight infections. The effect of this condition can decrease blood flow resulting in slow healing of the injuries to feet, legs, and hands.
  4. Diabetic Blisters (Bullosis diabeticorum): Blisters like burn blisters can be developed in the fingers, hands, legs feet, and toes. They are usually painless and can heal with good glycemic control.
  5. Diabetic Dermopathy: It is a condition in which small patches that are light reddish or brownish in color appear often on the front of the legs. These patches are usually painless. They do not itch. These can turn into blisters. They can be resolved on a self-healing basis with good hygiene and glycemic control.
  6. Digital Sclerosis: Skin on toes/fingers can become hardened, shiny, and waxy in Digital Sclerosis. This may cause stiffness of finger joints. Lotions and moisturizers might help soften the skin.
  7. Discriminated Granulosa Annulare: This condition causes sharply defined ring or arc-shaped areas on the skin. These rashes can occur on fingers, hands, and feet.

 

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How to keep your skin safe and clean:

  1. Keep diabetes under strict controls with prescribed medicines.
  2. Proper skincare along with the use of recommended medicines and adopting a healthy lifestyle can also reduce the risks of skin problems.
  3. The risks can be reduced by:
    1. Keeping skin clean and dry.
    2. Using warm water and mild moisturizing soaps in winter if you have a dry skin type.
    3. Checking skin for any rashes, color changes, or if itching starts.
    4. Richly moisturizing hands and feet.
    5. Examining hands and feet and visiting doctors if any changes in color/infection appear.
    6. Wearing comfortable natural fabrics to avoid allergies.
    7. Using clean and comfortable shoes.

Courtesy by: Dr. Sonia Bakhtiar