Normal Blood Sugar Levels for Adults with Diabetes
Keeping your blood sugar levels in check is quite a challenging task when you are battling against diabetes. When you have diabetes, your body naturally does not respond to natural sugars and carbohydrates the way it should. In type-1 diabetes, your pancreas does not make insulin and in type-2 diabetes, your body, especially your fat, liver, and muscles, does not respond to insulin the way it should.
In both of these situations, people lose their ability to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. To keep the glucose level in the normal range, it is crucial to practice a lot of patience, a good diet, and a healthy lifestyle with a good amount of physical exercise incorporated in it.
Normal blood sugar level for adults with diabetes should be less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L). If the blood sugar level is around 140 to 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) then this condition is diagnosed as pre-diabetes. And 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher after two hours of eating suggests diabetes in which the sugar levels are badly controlled.
Complications you may face if the normal range of blood sugar is not maintained:
Maintaining a healthy blood glucose level is very crucial because if not managed properly it can lead to multiple complications like:
Hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis and many other long-term complications affecting the vital organs.
Very low blood sugar that causes: sweating, dizziness, lethargy, shaking and trembling, confusion, anxiety, increased and rapid heartbeat (palpitations), and emotional irritability as well.
Very high blood sugar that causes: nausea and vomiting, shortness of breath, dry mouth, weakness, confusion, abdominal pain, coma.
This condition occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. When your body does not get enough insulin to generate energy, it starts to break fats to fulfill the energy requirement, which in result releases acid in the blood called “Ketones.” Excessive build-up of this acid in the blood can lead to many problems, like, excessive thirst, frequent urination, nausea and vomiting, stomach pain, weakness or fatigue, shortness of breath, confusion, one of the main symptoms of this condition is that your blood sugar level gets higher than your target range and home treatment does not work on keeping it under control.
If not controlled, diabetes can cause a lot of complications; it can cause damage to the vital organs, like the heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves, and can even lead to organ failure.
It is also the leading cause of amputations and pregnancy failures. This is why it is essential to keep your blood glucose at a normal diabetes level.
How to keep blood sugar in the normal range?
To keep your glucose levels under control, the first step is to check your fasting blood sugar level every morning and make normal blood sugar levels chart. It will help you record your blood sugar levels every day, both random and fasting in the early morning. Fasting blood sugar level should be less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) and, at random, it should be less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L)
Monitor closely when your blood sugar goes high, which food items are the triggers, and share it with your physician so that they can guide you better.