COVID-19, Diabetes and how diabetics can avoid the bad effects of the Coronavirus. Haya Imran
Diabetes and how diabetics can avoid the bad effects of the Coronavirus
People with pre-existing medical conditions like diabetes are more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the Coronavirus. For people suffering from diabetes, it is important to understand what is COVID-19, their health condition so that they could take precautions to avoid the virus and its bad effects.
Corona Virus is a large family of viruses that usually cause diseases related to respiratory systems. Different strains have been identified so far, and sources are identified from cats to camels. Coronavirus is zoonotic, which means it is transmitted from animals to humans.
Signs and Symptoms:
Shortness of breath
Difficulty in breathing
Increase of severity; infection can cause:
Severe-Acute respiratory syndrome
Washing of hands frequently
Eating well-cooked meat and eggs
Avoid close contact with anyone
Showing symptoms such as respiratory illness, a little cough, and sneezing. Avoid and keep your distance from those who have recovered from the disease.
If any symptoms occur, be tested. Use the prescribed medications as directed by the doctors.
Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes is a metabolic disease, in which there is high blood sugar levels. The defect is in insulin secretion, which can be no formation of insulin or insufficient quantity etc.
Untreated or continuous high blood sugar levels can cause damage to your nerves, eyes, kidneys and other organs.
Types of Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes: It is an autoimmune disease.
Type 2 Diabetes: When the body becomes resistant to insulin.
Prediabetes: When blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetic.
Gestational Diabetes: It is high blood sugar levels, diagnosed during pregnancy.
Diabetes Insipidus: Rare condition in which kidney removes too much water from the body
Signs and Symptoms:
Increase in hunger.
Delayed/Non-healing of wounds
Age above 45 years
Hard gestational diabetes
Heart diseases and heart attack
Retinopathy and vision loss
Covid-19 and Diabetes – How to Avoid COVID-19
People with pre-existing medical conditions like diabetes are more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the Coronavirus.
For people suffering from diabetes, it is important to take precautions to avoid the virus to the maximum possibilities. The recommendation and awareness, which are being telecast over media, are doubly important for people suffering from diabetes.
Wash hands thoroughly and as frequently as a contact to different surfaces are made.
Avoid touching face or eyes. If you have gone outside or touched anything received from outside, wash/sanitize your hands immediately.
Clean and disinfect any objects and surfaces that are touched frequently.
Do not share food, glasses, towels, combs, etc.
Cover face and mouth when coughing or sneezing.
Try to avoid any person showing symptoms of respiratory illness.
If any illness or symptoms appear, stay at home and maintain social distancing/isolation.
Pay extra attention/careful about glucose control.
Avoid high or low glucose levels to keep immunity active.
If symptoms like flu or fever etc. occur, consult with a doctor immediately.
Any infection can result in raising glucose levels and thus increase fluid intake.
Keep the diabetic medications with extra supply so incase if you get illness signs, your medicines are available to you without going out.
If you are living alone, you need to let someone reliable know about your development of symptoms.
Keep emergency contact aware of the situation.
Keep the work and things in a regular schedule, avoiding overwork.
Follow good sleeping/resting hours to keep immunity activated in an effective way.